Similarly, children have been reported to use a greater numbers of initiations, book-relevant responses to questions, and text-external response e. Therefore, given the substantial differences in the accumulation of words among low- and middle-income children's vocabulary before school entry, information books could serve as a potential resource for promoting vocabulary development.
Although we applaud the attention to information books, it would be wrong to discount the enormous amount of information that children acquire through narrative and storybooks as well. Conveyed through rich characters, events, and plots sequences, these stories can often convey information in ways that spark children's imagination and thought processes not possible through information texts.
Therefore, it is important to consider multiple genre and how these different genres may contribute to children's knowledge and desire to learn. More rigorous English language arts standards worldwide are revitalizing the longstanding but too often overlooked instructional technique of rereading. An integral part of the directed reading lesson, rereading typically occurred toward the end of the lesson for the purpose of extending comprehension of content.
When Ms. This is no cursory return to the text for a different purpose, but rather a careful consideration of how the text works to communicate concepts, principles, themes, arguments, and so forth. Students reread to develop an aggressive, probing, analytical approach to what the text says and how it says it—the function of details, for example, or logical order and relationships in text organization.
When Mr. Madrid asks his third graders to first reread to identify topic sentences in a set of related paragraphs, then to examine how supporting details clarify the topic within and across them, next to search for any inconsistencies in the information, and finally to discuss how the paragraphs are ordered to build a chain of reasoning temporal order, spatial order, or some other system , he is engaging them in close reading.
Two primary sources of evidence support the instructional technique of rereading as intensive reading. One is the research base, which shows the benefits of rereading for increasing comprehension. The other is expert opinion based on scholarly thought and work. Make no mistake about it, the transition from paper textbooks to digital textbooks is at full throttle.
Know this from the start: A digital textbook is not the static version of a print book. A digital textbook is lightweight literally , Internet connected, and personalized. It enables collaboration and provides instantaneous feedback to student and teacher. It changes how students read. Research evidence is mounting that digital textbooks give students a reading edge. It is a best practice that can personalize student learning, increase relevant instructional time, and support differentiation to meet students' specific needs.
Digital textbooks provide teachers with opportunities to apply proven practices the best ones more often with all students that in turn increase student opportunities to engage in meaningful and appropriate learning experiences. Because teachers have access to timely data embedded in digital textbooks , the ability to connect students with the content and activities that meet their individual learning styles and needs, they can personalize learning for more students at any given time and ensure that all students are reaching their full learning potential.
That's revolutionary! Grammar is back! Attention to syntax or sentence structure has not been a high-priority best practice for many years, although parsing sentences as an aid to comprehension has a long history in reading instruction.
To read complex, challenging texts, students must become familiar with increasingly complex sentences of written language. They need to cultivate a syntactic awareness of sentence structures used in the more formal language of books. Written text requires more words than talk; it uses more conventions; it is more precise; it is more abstract. Research reveals the strong link between students' syntactic awareness and their reading achievement. Reviving the close inspection of sentences is a new priority in reading instruction — reading punctuation, locating core parts and modifiers, keeping track of pronouns, reading for sentence meaning, and the like.
The even denser sentence that follows further makes the point about the need to directly instruct students in how to read a sentence for meaning. Drawing students' attention to the sentence structures and conventions of written language and illuminating differences between speech and writing helps them to grasp the elaborated structures of written language and learn from reading.
Teaching students how to parse sentences for meaning is not a new instructional technique, but doing so more deliberately with greater intensity and frequency definitely is, thus affirming its enduring worth in best practice. In this column, we have attempted to highlight a number of best practices in reading that either are or should be implemented in the classroom. Clearly they reflect our own biases and research perspectives. Kathy, in most recent years, has worked closely with teachers in professional development to bring e-books and technology to the classroom, recognizing the enormous potential that these books can have on children's motivation to read.
Susan has focused on vocabulary development and its linkage to conceptual development and comprehension. Both of these areas, as you will surely recognize, are well represented in our preceding list of best practices. Our goal in writing this column, however, is not to create a static list of best practices.
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Rather, we wish to engage you in the reading community to consider best practices, and how we may promote their uses, with high fidelity in classroom instruction. We see this list as dynamic, ever growing, and based on powerful evidence of children's achievement as we continue to grapple and to improve reading instruction for all in the 21st century. Roskos Kathleen, Neuman Susan B.
The Reading Teacher, 67 7 , — Author Interviews Meet your favorite authors and illustrators in our video interviews.
Book Finder Create your own booklists from our library of 5, books! Themed Booklists Dozens of carefully selected booklists, for kids years old. Nonfiction for Kids Tips on finding great books, reading nonfiction and more. Skip to main content. You are here Home. By: Kathleen Roskos , Susan Neuman. Related Shanahan on Literacy. Children need explicit instruction in vocabulary development As most reading professionals recognize, vocabulary plays a fundamental role in learning to read.
Rereading helps children to reinforce, deepen, and consolidate learning from reading More rigorous English language arts standards worldwide are revitalizing the longstanding but too often overlooked instructional technique of rereading. Children's motivation to read is enhanced through digital texts Make no mistake about it, the transition from paper textbooks to digital textbooks is at full throttle. Children need to pay attention to syntax to strengthen comprehension Grammar is back! Final words In this column, we have attempted to highlight a number of best practices in reading that either are or should be implemented in the classroom.
References References Click the "References" link above to hide these references. Adams, M. Advancing our students' language and literacy: The challenge of complex text. Adler, M. How to read a book. Anderson, S. New York, NY: Doubleday. Beck, I. Increasing young low-income children's oral vocabulary repertoires through rich and focused instruction. Grinshaw, S. Electronic books: Children's reading and comprehension.
Colaner, S. On Digital Textbooks: Fun facts, projections, and possibilities. October 20, Cunningham, A. Kamil, M.
Vocabulary and comprehension instruction: Summary and implications from the National Reading Panel findings. Baltimore, MD: Brookes. Teaching children to read. Neuman, S.
Educational effects of a vocabulary intervention on preschoolers' word knowledge and conceptual development: A cluster randomized trial. All about words: Increasing vocabulary in the Common Core classroom, preK-grade 2. Pellegrini, A. Parents' book-reading habits with their children. Rawson, K. The rereading effect: Metacomprehension accuracy improves across reading trials.
Shanahan, T. This title for beginning readers goes deep inside the American badger's life underground. A California condor leaps from a high cliff, on the lookout for carrion. Back from the brink of extinction, these huge scavengers soar across the desert for hours. They can go for two weeks without eating! Readers will learn all about the rare condor in this intriguing title. Gila monsters are as fascinating as they are elusive. Burrowed underground, these colorful carnivores hunt at dawn and eat just four times a year. Curious students will love this journey across the southwestern desert!
Their noses are cute and their tails are fluffy - but don't be fooled! Long-tailed weasels are ferocious, crafty predators. Young readers will learn how weasels burrow, hunt, and raise their pups in this engaging book. It's hammer time!
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Pileated woodpeckers are some of the largest woodpeckers in North America. These striking birds drill holes a foot high and can even break trees in half with their powerful beaks. Jam-packed with facts, this book will captivate budding bird watchers.